alexa Perineurial cell basement membrane thickening and myelinated nerve fibre loss in diabetic and nondiabetic peripheral nerve.


Anatomy & Physiology: Current Research

Author(s): Hill RE, Williams PE

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Diabetic neuropathy is associated with changes in the extracellular matrix of the perineurium, including thickening of the basement membrane of the perineurial cells. Peripheral vascular disease (PVD) is a common vascular condition that can occur in the absence or presence of diabetes. Thickening of the vascular basement membrane of the vasa nervorum is associated with both diabetes and nondiabetic peripheral vascular disease. However, perineurial cell basement membrane (PCBM) thickening in the nondiabetic PVD state has not, until now, been investigated. In this study, 36 nerve fascicles were examined from three patient groups: a diabetic group, a nondiabetic PVD group, and a group free of both PVD and diabetes (control group). PCBM thickness, fascicle size, and myelinated nerve fibre (MNF) density were measured in all three groups. Endoneurial blood vessels were also observed for evidence of morphological changes. The results showed that the thickness of the PCBM is significantly greater in the diabetic group in comparison with both the control and the nondiabetic PVD group, and this increase in thickness is linearly related to fascicle size. The thickness of the PCBM was not significantly different between the nondiabetic PVD and control groups. Although both the nondiabetic PVD and diabetic groups showed a loss of myelinated nerve fibres in comparison with the control group, this loss was statistically greater in the diabetic group. The endoneurial blood vessels of both the diabetic and nondiabetic PVD groups showed evidence of endothelial cell hyperplasia, hypertrophy, and basement membrane reduplication.
This article was published in J Neurol Sci and referenced in Anatomy & Physiology: Current Research

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version