alexa Perineurial malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor (MPNST): a clinicopathologic, immunohistochemical, and ultrastructural study of seven cases.
Oncology

Oncology

Journal of Orthopedic Oncology

Author(s): Hirose T, Scheithauer BW, Sano T

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Most malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors (MPNST) are schwannian in nature. The pathologic features of MPNST with perineurial cell differentiation remain to be characterized. To determine the clinicopathologic, immunohistochemical, and ultrastructural characteristics of perineurial MPNST, 121 MPNST from the Mayo Clinic Tissue Registry were examined. Of these 23 spindle cell tumors with long processes disposed in whorls or storiform patterns, features typical of perineurioma, were studied. On the basis of immunohistochemistry (epithelial membrane antigen+/S-100-), 5 perineurial MPNST were identified among 23 tumors selected. These and two previously characterized perineurial MPNST are the subject of this study. None of seven tumors was associated with NF-1. Patients included five males and two females ranging in age from 11 to 83 years (mean, 45.7 years). The tumors measured 1.5 to 30 cm (mean, 9.1 cm) and arose in the extremities (two), trunk (two), face (one), mediastinum (one), and retroperitoneum (one). Only one tumor was nerve associated (phrenic nerve). All tumors were surgically removed. No encapsulation or neurofibroma components were noted. Necrosis was seen in three lesions. Four tumors were classified as high-grade malignant and three as low grade. Mitotic indices varied from 1 to 85/10 high-power fields (median, 16). Immunoreactivities included epithelial membrane antigen (100\%), vimentin (100\%), Leu-7 (57\%), and CD34 (14\%). Stains for S-100 protein, muscle markers, and cytokeratin were nonreactive. Ultrastructurally, perineurial-like cells were noted in three tumors and cells intermediate between perineurial and Schwann cells in one. Four tumors recurred and two metastasized; no deaths of disease were noted at follow-ups of 28 to 98 months (mean, 66.9). In conclusion, 4\% of MPNST show perineurial cell differentiation. An NF-1 association has yet to be described. Nerve involvement is infrequent. Their immunophenotype (epithelial membrane antigen+/S-100-) frequently indicates ultrastructural perineurial differentiation. The prognosis of perineural MPNST appears to be more favorable than that of conventional MPNST.
This article was published in Am J Surg Pathol and referenced in Journal of Orthopedic Oncology

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

agrifoodaquavet@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

clinical_biochem@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

business@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

chemicaleng_chemistry@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

environmentalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

engineering@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

generalsci_healthcare@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

genetics_molbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

immuno_microbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

omics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

materialsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

mathematics_physics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

medical@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

neuro_psychology@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

pharma@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

social_politicalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version