alexa Periodically discontinuous induction of bone marrow stem cells toward osteogenic differentiation in vitro.
Diabetes & Endocrinology

Diabetes & Endocrinology

Journal of Metabolic Syndrome

Author(s): Wang Z, Peng R, Ding J

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Abstract This paper reveals that a discontinuous in vitro induction, namely, the periodic presence and absence of foreign induction factors, might be, under a certain condition, more effective to stimulate stem cells' differentiation than a continuous induction. Bone marrow stem cells (BMSCs) derived from Sprague Dawley rats were employed to examine the effects of discontinuous additions of osteogenic supplements with a series of alternate frequency in contrast to those with continuous induction or no induction. The results demonstrated that a suitable discontinuous induction was more able to achieve osteogenesis than not only no induction but also the associated continuous induction. Additionally, the osteogenic supplements were confirmed to enhance cell differentiation but suppress cell proliferation. So, the combination of differentiation extent per cell and cell number accounts for the "unexpected" good osteogenic effect of the discontinuous induction. The induction effect was found to be dependent upon alternate frequency, and the optimum alternate period in our experimental systems was determined to be around 4 days. Since it is very common to change culture medium every 2-4 days, such a strategy of discontinuous induction does not bring any extra manual work but reduces the consumption of foreign induction factors and significantly enhances the global differentiation efficacy. Our work thus affords a convenient and practical approach to achieve differentiation of BMSCs, which might be useful for potential large-scale culture and differentiation of stem cells. Meanwhile, the existence of optimum frequency implies some unknown inherent rhythms of cell proliferation and differentiation. This article was published in Biotechnol Prog and referenced in Journal of Metabolic Syndrome

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