Author(s): Accarini R, de Godoy MF
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Abstract OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether there is a relationship between active periodontal disease (PD) and acute coronary syndromes (ACS). METHODS: Three hundred and sixty-one patients (57,3\% male), ages ranging from 27 to 89 (mean +/- DP = 60.5 +/- 12.2), were admitted to the Intensive Care Unit of a Teaching Hospital with symptoms and complementary examinations consistent with acute coronary syndrome. All the patients had a complete periodontal examination in the ICU setting, and 325 (90.9\%) underwent coronary angiography for diagnostic confirmation and/or treatment planning. Periodontal examination included evaluation of all the teeth in the oral cavity and the following parameters: probing depth, clinical attachment level, plaque index, and gingival index. RESULTS: Of the 325 patients, 91 (28\%) had coronary arteries free of obstruction or with mild obstructions (< 50\% diameter stenosis), and the remaining 72\% had severe obstructions. Fisher's exact text yielded a p value of 0.0245 with an odds ratio of 2.571 (95\% CI 1.192 to 5.547), meaning that the group with ACS and significant obstructive coronary artery disease was 2.5-fold more likely to have active PD. CONCLUSION: A significant association was found between active periodontal disease and severe obstructive coronary artery in patients with acute coronary syndrome, underscoring the importance of prevention and adequate treatment of periodontal disease, which should be considered as a potential risk factor in the etiology and instability of the atherosclerotic plaque.
This article was published in Arq Bras Cardiol
and referenced in Journal of Antivirals & Antiretrovirals