alexa Perioperative glucose infusion and the catabolic response to surgery: the effect of epidural block.
Diabetes & Endocrinology

Diabetes & Endocrinology

Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism

Author(s): Lattermann R, Carli F, Wykes L, Schricker T

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Although the nitrogen-sparing properties of epidural block and i.v. glucose on the days after surgical trauma have been well established, their metabolic effects during the acute phase of the stress response remain unclear. Therefore, in this study we investigated the effect of epidural block on glucose and protein kinetics during and immediately after surgery in patients receiving i.v. glucose at 2 mg x kg(-1) x min(-1). Sixteen patients undergoing colorectal surgery received either general anesthesia with epidural block with bupivacaine (EDA; n = 8) or general anesthesia alone (control; n = 8). Glucose and protein kinetics were determined during and 2 h after the operation by stable isotope tracers [6,6-(2)H(2)]glucose and L-[1-(13)C]leucine. Plasma concentrations of glucose, insulin, cortisol, and glucagon were also determined. Epidural block attenuated the perioperative increase in plasma glucose concentration (P < 0.05). The rate of appearance of glucose (R(a) glucose) and endogenous glucose production (EGP) were slower in the EDA group than in control subjects during (R(a) glucose, EDA 13.2 +/- 1.0 versus control 15.3 +/- 1.8 micromol x kg(-1) x min(-1); P < 0.05; EGP, EDA 1.2 +/- 1.2 versus control 3.8 +/- 1.7 micromol x kg(-1) x min(-1); P < 0.05) and after the operation (P > 0.05). Whereas protein breakdown and amino acid oxidation decreased in both groups (P < 0.05), whole-body protein synthesis remained unchanged. Insulin levels increased with both anesthetic techniques (P < 0.05). Intraoperative plasma concentrations of cortisol and glucagon were smaller in the EDA group (P < 0.05). The intraoperative suppression of EGP by exogenous glucose was more pronounced in the presence of epidural block. However, epidural block failed to exert a protein-sparing effect during the acute phase of the stress response in patients receiving i.v. glucose.
This article was published in Anesth Analg and referenced in Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords