Author(s): Ohbayashi K, Inoue HK, Awaya A, Kobayashi S, Kohga H,
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Abstract Regeneration of transected peripheral nerve with a 10-mm gap encased in a silicone tube was evaluated in the presence of collagen sponge with or without laminin, or with systemic administration of a pyrimidine compound, MS-818. The sciatic nerve of 20 adult rats was transected and the proximal and distal nerve stumps were fixed in a silicone tube. The lumen of the silicone tube was empty, or filled with a collagen sponge alone or with a laminin-soaked collagen sponge. Also, a pyrimidine compound was injected intraperitoneally after implantation of the empty silicone tube. Three weeks later, the contents of the silicone tubes were processed for histological examination of regenerated nerve fibers. Other animals were observed 6, 12, and 18 months after surgery to examine the long-term effects of the collagen sponge on nerve regeneration. All animals had regenerated tissue within the tube 3 weeks after nerve transection. The diameter of the tissue decreased toward the distal stump in the empty tube, but was the same throughout the full length in the collagen sponge-containing tube. Immunohistochemical studies revealed that the nerve fibers extended beyond the midline of the regenerated tissue in animals treated with a laminin-containing collagen sponge or receiving a pyrimidine compound. Long-term observation showed the regenerated nerve was thick as the proximal stump and many neurofilament- and peripheral myelin-positive fibers were observed around the collagen sponge. Collagen sponge assists the progress of regenerated tissues in silicone tubes, and laminin-containing prostheses and administration of a pyrimidine compound enhance peripheral nerve regeneration.
This article was published in Neurol Med Chir (Tokyo)
and referenced in Clinical Pharmacology & Biopharmaceutics