alexa Peripheral T cells are the therapeutic targets of glucocorticoids in experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis.
Diabetes & Endocrinology

Diabetes & Endocrinology

Journal of Steroids & Hormonal Science

Author(s): Wst S, van den Brandt J, Tischner D, Kleiman A, Tuckermann JP,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract High-dose glucocorticoid (GC) therapy is widely used to treat multiple sclerosis (MS), but the underlying mechanisms remain debatable. In this study, we investigated the impact of GC administration on experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis using different GC receptor (GR)-deficient mutants. Heterozygous GR knockout mice were less sensitive to dexamethasone therapy, indicating that the expression level of the receptor determines therapeutic efficacy. Mice reconstituted with homozygous GR knockout fetal liver cells showed an earlier onset of the disease and were largely refractory to GC treatment, indicating that the GR in hematopoietic cells is essential for the beneficial effects of endogenous GCs and dexamethasone. Using cell-type specific GR-deficient mice, we could demonstrate that GCs mainly act on T cells, while modulation of macrophage function was largely dispensable in this context. The therapeutic effects were achieved through induction of apoptosis and down-regulation of cell adhesion molecules in peripheral T(H)17 and bystander T cells, while similar effects were not observed within the spinal cord. In addition, dexamethasone inhibited T cell migration into the CNS, confirming that peripheral but not CNS-residing T lymphocytes are the essential targets of GCs. Collectively, our findings reveal a highly selective mechanism of GC action in experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis and presumably multiple sclerosis.
This article was published in J Immunol and referenced in Journal of Steroids & Hormonal Science

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords