alexa Peroxisome proliferators induce mouse liver stearoyl-CoA desaturase 1 gene expression.
Chemistry

Chemistry

Medicinal Chemistry

Author(s): Miller CW, Ntambi JM

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Peroxisome proliferators induce stearoyl-CoA desaturase activity (EC 1.14.99.5) in liver [Kawashima, Y., Hanioka, N., Matsumura, M. & Kozuka, H. (1983) Biochim. Biophys. Acta 752, 259-264]. We analyzed the changes in stearoyl-CoA desaturase 1 (SCD1) mRNA to further define the molecular mechanism for the induction of stearoyl-CoA desaturase by peroxisome proliferators. SCD1 mRNA was analyzed from the livers of BALB/c mice that had been fed diets supplemented with clofibrate or gemfibrozil. Clofibrate was found to induce liver SCD1 mRNA levels 3-fold within 6 hr to a maximum of 22-fold in 30 hr. Gemfibrozil administration resulted in a similar induction pattern. This induction is primarily due to an increase in transcription of the SCD1 gene, as shown by nuclear run-on transcription assays and DNA deletion analysis of transfected SCD1-chloramphenicol acetyltransferase fusion genes. The cis-linked response element for peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) was localized to an AGGTCA consensus sequence between base pairs -664 to -642 of the SCD1 promoter. Clofibrate-mediated induction of SCD1 mRNA was shown to be independent of polyunsaturated fatty acids, with peroxisome proliferators and arachidonic acid having opposite effects on SCD1 mRNA levels. Additionally, the activation of SCD1 mRNA by clofibrate was inhibited 77\% by cycloheximide administration. Levels of liver beta-actin and albumin mRNAs were unchanged by these dietary manipulations. Our data show that hepatic SCD1 gene expression is regulated by PPARs and suggest that peroxisome proliferators and poly-unsaturated fatty acids act through distinct mechanisms.
This article was published in Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A and referenced in Medicinal Chemistry

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords