alexa Persistence of primary drug resistance among recently HIV-1 infected adults.
Microbiology

Microbiology

Journal of Antivirals & Antiretrovirals

Author(s): Barbour JD, Hecht FM, Wrin T, Liegler TJ, Ramstead CA,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract OBJECTIVES: Primary, or transmitted, drug resistance is common among treatment naive patients recently infected with HIV-1, and impairs response to anti-retroviral therapy. We previously observed that patients with secondary resistance (developed in response to anti-retroviral treatment) who chose to stop an anti-retroviral regimen experience rapid overgrowth of drug resistant viruses by wild-type virus of higher pol replication capacity. We sought to determine if primary drug resistance would be lost at a rapid rate, and viral pol replication capacity would increase, in the absence of treatment. METHODS: We tracked drug resistance phenotype, genotype, viral pol replication capacity (single cycle recombinant assay incorporating a segment of the patient pol gene [pol RC]), plasma HIV-1 RNA, and CD4 T cell counts in the absence of treatment among patients in early HIV-1 infection. RESULTS: Six of 22 patients had evidence of primary drug resistance to at least one class of drug; three resistant to protease inhibitors, three resistant to non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors, and four resistant to nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors. All six patients maintained evidence of drug resistance for the period of observation. Among patients with baseline primary drug resistance pol RC did not increase over time. CONCLUSION: The selection environment of early infection is determined by immune pressure, and stochastic events, not viral pol replication capacity. In contrast to secondary resistant infections that are rapidly overgrown when therapy is stopped, primary drug resistance persists over time. Surveillance and clinical detection of primary resistance is feasible in the first year of infection.
This article was published in AIDS and referenced in Journal of Antivirals & Antiretrovirals

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords