alexa Persistent and delayed behavioral changes after nicotine treatment in adolescent rats.
Psychiatry

Psychiatry

Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy

Author(s): Trauth JA, Seidler FJ, Slotkin TA

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Despite the increasing use of tobacco by adolescents, few animal studies have addressed the neurobehavioral consequences of nicotine exposure during this period. We administered nicotine to adolescent rats via continuous infusion on postnatal days (PN) 30 through 47.5, using a dosage regimen that maintains plasma levels similar to those found in smokers or in users of the transdermal nicotine patch. Behavior in a novel open field and learning a passive avoidance task were assessed during nicotine treatment and for 2 weeks post-treatment. On PN44, during nicotine exposure, female rats showed decreased grooming, an effect not seen in males; this effect is opposite to the effects of nicotine in adult rats. Two weeks after cessation of nicotine administration, females showed deficits in locomotor activity and rearing, whereas males again were unaffected; the behavioral deficits appeared at the same age at which gender-selective brain cell damage emerges. In contrast, nicotine exposure enhanced passive avoidance, with the effect intensifying and persisting throughout the post-treatment period. These results reinforce the concept that developmental vulnerability to nicotine extends into adolescence, with patterns of drug effects different from those in earlier or later periods. The correlation of neurochemical with behavioral effects strengthens the connection between adolescent nicotine exposure and persistent functional changes that may influence drug habituation, learning and memory.
This article was published in Brain Res and referenced in Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords