Author(s): ColbreGarapin F, Christodoulou C, Crainic R, Pelletier I
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Abstract Two human neuroblastoma cell lines were persistently infected with poliovirus strains of all three serotypes. In persistently infected IMR-32 cells, which were studied in greatest detail, viral antigens were present in most cells, and over a 9-month period virions were found in the medium at high titers. Persistently infected cells were resistant to superinfection by Sabin 1, 2, and 3 poliovirus but sensitive to coxsackievirus B3. The viruses recovered from persistently infected cells were studied for conservation of epitopes, host cell specificity, and temperature resistance phenotype. The antigenic site 1 carried by the major capsid protein VP1 was modified on the persistent viruses of all three serotypes. This was confirmed for one virus by sequencing the corresponding genomic region in which two mutations were detected. The titers of persistent viruses were 1-3 log10 units higher on IMR-32 cells than on nonneuronal HEp-2 cells, while parental viruses had similar titers on both lines. When thermosensitive viruses were used to initiate the infection, the persistent viruses were found to be thermoresistant at 39 degrees C. Together the results indicate that the persistent infection correlated with the selection of highly mutated viral strains. Poliovirus-infected neuroblastoma cell lines thus constitute an in vitro model of chronic viral infections, which are increasingly implicated in human neural diseases.
This article was published in Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A
and referenced in Journal of Microbial & Biochemical Technology