alexa Perturbation of beta-glucan receptors on human neutrophils initiates phagocytosis and leukotriene B4 production.
Chemical Engineering

Chemical Engineering

Journal of Analytical & Bioanalytical Techniques

Author(s): Czop JK, Puglisi AV, Miorandi DZ, Austen KF

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Normal human neutrophils were stimulated with the yeast cell wall product, zymosan, and examined for two biologic responses, ingestion of particles and production of leukotriene B4 (LTB4), under conditions that were comparable and optimal for the quantitation of each response. Monolayers of adherent neutrophils ingested unopsonized zymosan particles, at particle-to-cell ratios of 12.5:1 to 125:1, in a dose- and time-related manner. At a ratio of 125:1, the percentages of neutrophils ingesting greater than or equal to 1 and greater than or equal to 3 zymosan particles reached plateau levels of 55 +/- 6 and 32 +/- 9\% (mean +/- SD, n = 8), respectively, within 30 min. At this same ratio, neutrophils during gravity sedimentation with zymosan particles synthesized LTB4 in a time-dependent manner for at least 45 min. The maximum amount of immunoreactive LTB4 released into supernatants was 3.8 +/- 1.2 ng per 10(6) neutrophils (mean +/- SD, n = 5) and the corresponding total immunoreactive LTB4 was 6.2 +/- 1.9 ng per 10(6) neutrophils. Treatment of 2 x 10(7) suspended neutrophils with 250 micrograms of trypsin for 20 min before concurrent assessment of neutrophil phagocytosis and LTB4 production reduced both of these responses by about 50\%. Pretreatment of neutrophils with 800 micrograms/ml of soluble yeast beta-glucan inhibited their ingestion of zymosan by 84\% (mean +/- SD, n = 3), with 50\% inhibition occurring with 100 micrograms/ml of soluble beta-glucan; 800 micrograms/ml of soluble yeast alpha-mannan had no inhibitory effect. Pretreatment of neutrophils with 400 micrograms/ml of soluble yeast beta-glucan inhibited neutrophil synthesis of LTB4 by 90\%, with 50\% occurring with 200 micrograms/ml; 400 micrograms/ml of soluble yeast alpha-mannan had no inhibitory effect. The presence of 1.25 micrograms/ml of cytochalasin B during incubation with zymosan particles reduced neutrophil phagocytosis from 65 to 6\%, and neutrophil synthesis of LTB4 from total levels of 6.0 +/- 0.3 ng/10(6) cells to zero (mean +/- SD, n = 3). Pretreatment with either cytochalasin B or vinblastine did not alter neutrophil generation of LTB4 induced by calcium ionophore. Neutrophils pretreated with vinblastine, at 4 x 10(-6) to 4 x 10(-4) M, and then maintained at one-half these concentrations during incubation with unopsonized zymosan particles exhibited no diminution in particle ingestion, but were markedly reduced in zymosan-induced synthesis of LTB4.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)
This article was published in J Immunol and referenced in Journal of Analytical & Bioanalytical Techniques

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords