Author(s): Haarstad K, Braskerud BC
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Abstract Loss of pesticides is likely from watersheds where pesticides are used. The herbicides propachlor, linuron and metamitron, and the fungicides propiconazole, fenpropimorph and metribuzin and metalaxyl, were applied on an arable soil plot. A mass balance study showed that approximately 96\% of the applied pesticides disappeared within the watershed. Three pesticides remained as residuals in the soil profile one year after the application. The 4\% of the pesticides that were lost from the watershed gave peak concentrations, appearing immediately after spraying, reaching levels that can be hazardous to aquatic life. The constructed wetland situated in the first-order stream generally managed to lower the peak concentrations significantly. For the summer season, retention varied from 12 to 67\% the first year. The second year, we observed both loss and retention. Increasing the wetland surface from 0.2\% to 0.4\% of the watershed area increased the average retention with 21\% units the first year and 9\% units the second year. Chemical properties of the pesticides could explain some of the behaviour in the watershed and in the wetland.
This article was published in Water Sci Technol
and referenced in Journal of Environmental & Analytical Toxicology