Author(s): Shaheed G, Malkovska V, Mendoza J, Patel M, Rees J,
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Abstract OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the sensitivity and specificity of the PF4 ENHANCED (GTI Diagnostics, Waukesha, WI) enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for heparin-induced thrombocytopenia using the carbon-14 serotonin-release assay as the reference method. DESIGN: A total of 34 patients were prospectively enrolled with a variety of diagnoses and suspected heparin-induced thrombocytopenia. They were clinically scored and underwent testing with the (14)C-serotonin-release assay. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and (14)C-serotonin-release assay results were also available from 21 medical and surgical patients who had previously been tested. MAIN RESULTS: With the (14)C-serotonin-release assay as the reference method, the sensitivity and specificity of the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay were 93\% and 65\%, respectively. There was only one false-negative enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The clinical scores were frequently misleading, largely because of difficulty excluding other causes of thrombocytopenia. CONCLUSION: Because of its high sensitivity, we believe the PF4 ENHANCED enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay should be used to identify heparin-induced thrombocytopenia in patients with multiple potential causes of thrombocytopenia, although false-positive results will not be uncommon.
This article was published in Crit Care Med
and referenced in Journal of Blood Disorders & Transfusion