Author(s): Guimond M, Balassy A, Barrette M, Brochu S, Perreault C,
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Abstract T lymphocytes have been found to harbor P-glycoprotein (Pgp) and to demonstrate modulation of its ion channel transporter function according to the state of activation of T lymphocytes. We hypothesized that cytotoxic chemicals that are extruded by Pgp could be used to specifically eliminate immunoreactive T-cell populations. In this study, we evaluated the capacity of 4,5-dibromorhodamine methyl ester (TH9402), a photosensitizer structurally similar to rhodamine, a dye transported by Pgp, and which becomes highly cytotoxic on activation with visible light to selectively deplete alloreactive T lymphocytes. Stimulation of T cells with mitogens or allogeneic major histocompatibility complex-mismatched cells resulted in the preferential retention of the TH9402 rhodamine-derivative in activated T cells, both CD4+ and CD8+. Photodynamic cell therapy of TH9402-exposed T cells led to the selective elimination of immunoreactive T-cell populations. In addition, this treatment preserved resting T cells and their capacity to respond to third-party cells. Inhibition of Pgp enhanced cellular trapping of the dye in nonactivated T cells and resulted in their depletion after exposure to light. Targeting of Pgp-deficient cells may therefore represent an appealing strategy for the prevention and treatment of graft-versus-host disease and other alloimmune or autoimmune disorders.
This article was published in Blood
and referenced in Journal of Autacoids and Hormones