alexa Phanikumar G, et al. Characterization of a continuous CO2 laser-welded Fe-Cu dissimilar couple. Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A. 2005;36:2137-2147.


Research & Reviews: Journal of Engineering and Technology

Author(s): Gandham Phanikumar, Sambandam Manjini, Pradip Dutta, Kamanio Chattopadhyay, Jyotirmoy Mazumder

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Continuous CO2 laser welding of an Fe-Cu dissimilar couple in a butt-weld geometry at different process conditions is studied. The process conditions are varied to identify and characterize the microstructural features that are independent of the welding mode. The study presents a characterization of the microstructure and mechanical properties of the welds. Detailed microstructural analysis of the weld/base-metal interface shows features that are different on the two sides of the weld. The iron side can grow into the weld with a local change in length scale, whereas the interface on the copper side indicates a barrier to growth. The interface is jagged, and a banded microstructure consisting of iron-rich layers could be observed next to the weld/Cu interface. The observations suggest that solidification initiates inside the melt, where iron and copper are mixed due to convective flow. The transmission electron microscopy (TEM) of the weld region also indicates the occasional presence of droplets of iron and copper. The microstructural observations are rationalized using arguments drawn from a thermodynamic analysis of the Fe-Cu system.

This article was published in Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A and referenced in Research & Reviews: Journal of Engineering and Technology

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