alexa Pharmaceuticals in the environment: biodegradation and effects on natural microbial communities. A review.
Materials Science

Materials Science

Journal of Nanomedicine & Nanotechnology

Author(s): Barra Caracciolo A, Topp E, Grenni P

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Environmental microorganisms play a key role in fundamental ecological processes such as biogeochemical cycling and organic contaminant degradation. Microorganisms comprise a large unexplored reservoir of genetic diversity and metabolic capability providing several ecosystem services, most importantly the maintenance of soil and water quality. Pharmaceutical occurrence in the environment can compromise microbial community structure and activities in different ways. The fate of a pharmaceutical in soil or water depends on numerous factors, including its inherent physic-chemical properties (e.g. water solubility, lipophilicity, vapour pressure), environmental factors and climate conditions (e.g. temperature, incident radiation, pH) and most importantly the presence and activity of microorganisms that possess the ability to biodegrade it. The presence of a natural microbial community is a necessary prerequisite for an effective response to the various chemicals that can contaminate an ecosystem. The recovery from contamination is only possible if toxicity does not hamper microbial activity. This review presents current knowledge on the effects on natural microbial communities of some pharmaceuticals and of some biocides commonly found as environmental microcontaminants. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. This article was published in J Pharm Biomed Anal and referenced in Journal of Nanomedicine & Nanotechnology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri & Aquaculture Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Clinical Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Food & Nutrition Journals

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics & Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Materials Science Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Nursing & Health Care Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

Ann Jose

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

 
© 2008- 2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords