alexa PHARMACOGNOSTICAL AND ANTIBACTERIAL STUDIES OF DIFFERENT EXTRACTS OF EUPHORBIA HIRTA L.
Biochemistry

Biochemistry

Journal of Plant Biochemistry & Physiology

Author(s): Bhuvaneshwar Upadhyay

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Leaves of Euphorbia hirta, traditionally practiced in the treatments of boils, dysentery, enteritis and various skin conditions, were extracted by soxhlet extraction in various extraction mediums. The disc diffusion method was used to determine the antibacterial activity against many Gram positive and Gram negative bacteria (Standard strains and clinical isolates). Antibacterial sensitivity test indicated that the methanolic extract inhibited the growth of S. aureus, E. coli, and B. subtilis to varying extents while K. pneumonia was the most resistive strain to these extracts. Minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC), of the extract against E. coli, S aureus, and S. entertidis were in the range of 0.1mg/ml. Phytochemical analysis indicates presence of terpenes, tannins, alkaloids and flavonoids which might be accountable for its antimicrobial properties, and these results validate the traditional uses of the plant in the treatment of various diseases.

This article was published in Journal of Phytology and referenced in Journal of Plant Biochemistry & Physiology

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