alexa Pharmacokinetic assessment of dacomitinib (pan-HER tyrosine kinase inhibitor) in patients with locally advanced head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (LA SCCHN) following administration through a gastrostomy feeding tube (GT).
Biomedical Sciences

Biomedical Sciences

Biology and Medicine

Author(s): Chiu JW, Chan K, Chen EX, Siu LL, Abdul Razak AR

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Abstract BACKGROUND: Dacomitinib is an irreversible oral pan-HER tyrosine kinase inhibitor with antitumor activity demonstrated in patients with recurrent/metastatic (RM) SCCHN. A Phase I trial of dacomitinib with standard therapy in LA SCCHN is ongoing (NCT01737008). As enteral feeding is needed for many SCCHN patients, this study investigated the PK properties of dacomitinib when administered via GT (NCT01484847). Since patients with GT are difficult to recruit, this study also determined the feasibility of PK assessments using a unique design in LA SCCHN patients with GT, by giving a single dose of drug during their radiotherapy (co-administration with chemotherapy avoided). METHODS: Eligible patients were given a single dose of crushed dacomitinib at 45 mg in water suspension via GT. All doses were administered in fasting state and supine position. PK samples were drawn prior to dose (t = 0), 30 min and 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 12, 24, 48, 72, 96, 144, 168, 192 and 216 hrs post-dose, and analyzed by HPLC-MS/MS. PK parameters (mean [CV\%]) of this study were compared with those of dacomitinib given orally using Student t test. RESULTS: Six patients with LA SCCHN patients were enrolled. The median age of patients was 54 years. Two different types of GT were used: 14 F Cope-loop tube (n = 3), 20 F PEG/disc retention tube (n = 3). PK study showed t1/2 of 58 h, Cmax of 17 ng/ml, Tmax of 8 h, AUC0-inf of 1185 ng*hr/ml, Vd/F of 3310 L and CL/F of 41 L/hr. CONCLUSION: Compared with oral dosing of intact immediate release (IR) tablets, GT administration resulted in 34 \% reduction in Cmax and 33-44 \% decrease in AUC (all p <0.05) (Jänne et al., Clin Cancer Res 2011). Such differences were not detected when compared with the PK properties of dacomitinib administered orally in aqueous suspension (Bello et al., Cancer Chemother Pharm 2013). These differences may be attributed to aqueous suspension of dacomitinib. Caution should be taken with GT administration of orally active small molecule targeted therapy. This study also demonstrated that PK trials in GT patients are feasible using novel designs. This article was published in Invest New Drugs and referenced in Biology and Medicine

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