Author(s): Onoue S, Yamamoto N, Seto Y, Yamada S
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Abstract The present study was undertaken to clarify the possible association between nicotine intake/cigarette smoking and detrusor instability. For pharmacokinetic characterization of nicotine and cotinine (a major and pharmacologically less active metabolite of nicotine), a rapid ultra-performance liquid chromatography/electrospray ionization-mass spectrometry (UPLC/ESI-MS) method was developed that requires only a small amount of sample and simple pretreatment. The UPLC/ESI-MS method was validated with a focus on specificity, sensitivity (limit of detection, 2.5 ng/mL; limit of quantification, 5 ng/mL), linearity (r > 0.998), accuracy (97.2-102.8\%), precision (relative standard deviation <8\%) and robustness in accordance with ICH guidelines (Q2B Validation of Analytical Procedures: Methodology). The developed method was successfully applied to determine nicotine and cotinine levels in rat biological samples such as plasma, urine and several tissues. After subcutaneous administration of nicotine ditartrate (2 mg/kg of body weight) in rats, the absorbed nicotine was rapidly and extensively metabolized into cotinine. However, nicotine was found to be predominant in cortex and bladder, where nicotinic acetylcholine receptors were expressed for neuronal control of voiding function. Repeated administration of nicotine led to a ca. 3-fold higher accumulation of nicotine than that of cotinine in rat urine. The results of the pharmacokinetic study using the UPLC/ESI-MS method further support the possible involvement of nicotine in increased risk of urinary dysfunction in smokers.
This article was published in Drug Metab Pharmacokinet
and referenced in Journal of Chromatography & Separation Techniques