alexa Pharmacokinetic study of nicotine and its metabolite cotinine to clarify possible association between smoking and voiding dysfunction in rats using UPLC ESI-MS.
Chemical Engineering

Chemical Engineering

Journal of Chromatography & Separation Techniques

Author(s): Onoue S, Yamamoto N, Seto Y, Yamada S

Abstract Share this page

Abstract The present study was undertaken to clarify the possible association between nicotine intake/cigarette smoking and detrusor instability. For pharmacokinetic characterization of nicotine and cotinine (a major and pharmacologically less active metabolite of nicotine), a rapid ultra-performance liquid chromatography/electrospray ionization-mass spectrometry (UPLC/ESI-MS) method was developed that requires only a small amount of sample and simple pretreatment. The UPLC/ESI-MS method was validated with a focus on specificity, sensitivity (limit of detection, 2.5 ng/mL; limit of quantification, 5 ng/mL), linearity (r > 0.998), accuracy (97.2-102.8\%), precision (relative standard deviation <8\%) and robustness in accordance with ICH guidelines (Q2B Validation of Analytical Procedures: Methodology). The developed method was successfully applied to determine nicotine and cotinine levels in rat biological samples such as plasma, urine and several tissues. After subcutaneous administration of nicotine ditartrate (2 mg/kg of body weight) in rats, the absorbed nicotine was rapidly and extensively metabolized into cotinine. However, nicotine was found to be predominant in cortex and bladder, where nicotinic acetylcholine receptors were expressed for neuronal control of voiding function. Repeated administration of nicotine led to a ca. 3-fold higher accumulation of nicotine than that of cotinine in rat urine. The results of the pharmacokinetic study using the UPLC/ESI-MS method further support the possible involvement of nicotine in increased risk of urinary dysfunction in smokers.
This article was published in Drug Metab Pharmacokinet and referenced in Journal of Chromatography & Separation Techniques

Relevant Expert PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]icsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords