alexa Pharmacokinetics and safety of galantamine in subjects with hepatic impairment and healthy volunteers.
Chemical Engineering

Chemical Engineering

Journal of Analytical & Bioanalytical Techniques

Author(s): Zhao Q, Iyer GR, Verhaeghe T, Truyen L

Abstract Share this page

Abstract The objective of this study was to compare the pharmacokinetics and safety of galantamine in subjects with hepatic impairment with those in healthy subjects. This was an open-label study in which a single oral 4-mg dose of galantamine was administered to volunteers with mild (Child-Pugh score of 5-6, n = 8), moderate (Child-Pugh score of 7-9, n = 8), or severe hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh score of 10-15, n = 1) and to healthy, matched control subjects (n = 8). Galantamine pharmacokinetics and safety (adverse events, laboratory test results, electrocardiograms, vital signs, and cardiac events) were assessed over 6 days after administration of galantamine. The pharmacokinetic parameters of galantamine were similar in subjects with mild hepatic impairment compared with healthy controls. Compared with the healthy control group, subjects with moderate hepatic impairment showed relative increases in the area under the plasma-concentration curve from zero to infinity (AUC0-infinity) (+33\%) and terminal half-life (t1/2) (+30\%) (p = 0.051 and p = 0.003, respectively), a 23\% relative decrease in total plasma clearance (p = 0.061), and a small but significant relative increase in the fraction of free plasma galantamine (p = 0.009). Galantamine was well tolerated by all subjects. There were no serious adverse events (AEs) or premature withdrawals from the study because of AEs. Reported AEs were headache (three cases), nausea (one case), and paresthesia (one case). There were no clinically relevant changes in clinical laboratory findings, vital signs, and electrocardiograms. Low patient recruitment (n = 1) precluded statistical analysis of galantamine pharmacokinetics and safety in severe hepatic impairment. It was concluded that the pharmacokinetics of galantamine in subjects with mild hepatic impairment was similarto those in healthy subjects. In subjects with moderate hepatic impairment, galantamine clearance was decreased by approximately 23\% compared with normal volunteers. Galantamine was also well tolerated and appeared to be safe in subjects with mild ormoderate hepatic impairment. Based on the study results, it appears that it would not be necessary to adjust doses of galantamine during administration to subjects with mild hepatic impairment. In subjects with moderately impaired hepatic function, dose titration should proceed cautiously. Unfortunately, difficulties with patient recruitment did not allow adequate assessment of the safety of galantamine in subjects with severe hepatic impairment in this study. Therefore, the use of galantamine in subjects with severe hepatic impairment is not recommended.
This article was published in J Clin Pharmacol and referenced in Journal of Analytical & Bioanalytical Techniques

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords