alexa Pharmacokinetics of efavirenz when co-administered with rifampin in TB HIV co-infected patients: pharmacogenetic effect of CYP2B6 variation.
Dermatology

Dermatology

Journal of Clinical & Experimental Dermatology Research

Author(s): Kwara A, Lartey M, Sagoe KW, Xexemeku F, Kenu E,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract The goal of this study was to determine the effect of CYP2B6 genetic variation on the steady-state pharmacokinetics of efavirenz (600 mg/d) in TB/HIV co-infected patients receiving concomitant rifampin, a potent CYP inducer. In the 26 patients studied, CYP2B6 c.516GG, GT, and TT genotype frequencies were 0.27, 0.50, and 0.23, respectively. Mean plasma efavirenz area under the curve was significantly higher in patients with CYP2B6 c.516TT than in those with GT (107 vs 27.6 microg x h/mL, P< .0001) or GG genotype (107 vs 23.0 microg x h/mL, P< .0001). Apparent oral clearance (CL/F) was significantly lower in patients with CYP2B6 c.516TT than in those with GT genotype (2.1 vs 8.4 mL/min/kg, P<0.0001) and GG genotype (2.1 vs 9.9 mL/min/kg, P< .0001). No differences in efavirenz exposure or CL/F existed between patients with CYP2B6 c.516GT and GG genotypes. Our results indicate that CYP2B6 c.516TT genotype can be used to identify efavirenz poor metabolizers in patients co-treated with rifampin.
This article was published in J Clin Pharmacol and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Dermatology Research

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords