alexa Pharmacological characterization and tissue distribution of the human and rat GALR1 receptors.


Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy

Author(s): Sullivan KA, Shiao LL, Cascieri MA

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Abstract The diverse biological functions of galanin are mediated via membrane bound high-affinity receptors. In order to identify and characterize potential galanin receptor subtypes, we have examined the specific 125I-galanin binding to the CHP-212 human neuroblastoma cell line. The galanin receptors expressed in CHP-212 cells, like GALR1 have high affinity for galanin (Kd = 0.07 nM) and the potency for inhibition of 125I-galanin binding by galanin peptides parallels that of hGALR1 expressed in a stable CHO cell line. We confirmed that GALR1 is expressed in these cells by RT-PCR. We further determined the tissue expression patterns of hGALR1 which is expressed in a variety of human tissues at a very low level, with the highest levels seen in heart, small intestine and prostate. A species of approximately 70 kDa is recognized by antisera specific for hGALR1 by Western blot analysis and should allow future measurements of receptor protein expression. This article was published in Biochem Biophys Res Commun and referenced in Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy

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