alexa Pharmacological characterization of Sephadex-induced oedema in rat paws: predominant role of serotonin and platelet-activating factor.
Immunology

Immunology

Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

Author(s): Francischi JN, Dias MF, Rocha OA, de Abreu Castro MS, Kiyomi Funayama Tatsuo MA,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract An intravenous injection of Sephadex beads has been used to induce lung inflammation and bronchial hyperreactivity in small animals. In the present study, we injected Sephadex beads (0.3-5.5 mg/paw) into rat paws and followed the resulting inflammation plethysmometrically. Our results show that Sephadex beads induced a significant and dose-dependent increase in the hindpaw volume at 5 min; it was maximal at 30-60 min and declined at 4 h. However, the paw volume remained significantly increased for up to 21 days. The initial 4-hour-oedema was confirmed by histopathology of the paw tissues, but the persistent increase in paw volume was related to a chronic inflammatory (granulomatous) response. The Sephadex-induced oedema was predominantly due to serotonin (5-HT) release since specific antagonists such as methysergide (1 mg/kg) and pizotifen (0.1-2 mg/kg) administered both systemically and locally were able to inhibit the oedema (10-100 microgram/paw) as could pretreatment with compound 48/80. In addition, platelet-activating factor (PAF) was also shown to be involved, since systemic pretreatment using the specific PAF antagonist BN 52021 (1 mg/kg) was able to inhibit the increase in paw volume induced by Sephadex. Effective doses of indomethacin (2 mg/kg), L-NAME (1 mg/kg), pyrilamine (1-2 mg/kg), ondansetron (1 mg/kg) and HOE 140 (1 mg/kg) did not affect the Sephadex-induced oedema, thus ruling out the participation of prostaglandins, nitric oxide, histamine, 5-HT3 receptors and bradykinin in its development. Since the late increases in paw volume induced by Sephadex were reduced by pretreatment of the animals with the immunosuppressive drugs rapamycin and dexamethasone but not cyclosporin, our results also suggested that distinct immunological pathways may be involved in the modulation of the chronic phase of inflammation induced by Sephadex beads in rat paws.
This article was published in Int Arch Allergy Immunol and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords