alexa Pharmacology of the intraocular pressure (IOP) lowering effect of systemic dexanabinol (HU-211), a non-psychotropic cannabinoid.
Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutica Analytica Acta

Author(s): Beilin M, Neumann R, Belkin M, Green K, BarIlan A

Abstract Share this page

Abstract The purpose of this study was to characterize the intraocular pressure (IOP) lowering activity and possible mechanism of action of the synthetic, non-psychotropic cannabinoid dexanabinol (HU-211) [(+)(3S,4S), 7-hydroxy-delta-6-tetrahydrocannabinol 1,1 dimethylheptyl], following intravenous (i.v.) administration in the rabbit. IOP (pneumatonometry), aqueous humor inflow rate (fluorophotometry), blood pressure, and heart rate (computerized physiograph system connected to central ear artery cannula) were measured in unanesthetized albino rabbits. Intravenous administration of HU-211 resulted in a dose-related reduction in IOP; a maximal IOP reduction of 5.0 +/- 0.2 mmHg was observed 4 hr after a 0.5 mg/kg dose. No significant changes in blood pressure or heart rate were observed during the first hr following this dose of HU-21 1. Pupil diameter did not change significantly during the 5 hr following the 0.5 mg/kg i.v. dose. No significant change in the rate of aqueous humor inflow occurred during the 6 hr after a 0.5 mg/kg dose of HU-211, thereby implicating outflow changes as the major source of IOP reduction. IOP reduction by HU-211 following pre-treatment with the alpha2 adrenergic antagonist, yohimbine (1 mg/kg, i.v.), was only 30\% of that of HU-211 alone. IOP reduction following pretreatment with the alpha2 agonist, clonidine (0.5 mg/kg i.v.), was twice as large as that of HU-211 alone. Pretreatment with the beta-adrenergic antagonist, propranolol (0.5 mg/kg i.v.), resulted in a 50\% reduction in the IOP-lowering effect of HU-211. In summary, HU-211, administered i.v., is an effective IOP-lowering agent, devoid of any significant side effects (blood pressure, heart rate or pupil diameter, all of which have been reported previously for cannabinoids). Involvement of the adrenergic system is indicated in mediating the IOP-lowering effects of HU-211 that appear to reflect a change in fluid outflow from the eye. This article was published in J Ocul Pharmacol Ther and referenced in Pharmaceutica Analytica Acta

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri & Aquaculture Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Clinical Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Food & Nutrition Journals

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics & Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Materials Science Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Nursing & Health Care Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

Ann Jose

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

 
© 2008- 2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords