alexa Phase I trial of exisulind (sulindac sulfone, FGN-1) as a chemopreventive agent in patients with familial adenomatous polyposis.
Oncology

Oncology

Journal of Cancer Science & Therapy

Author(s): van Stolk R, Stoner G, Hayton WL, Chan K, DeYoung B,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Exisulind (sulindac sulfone; FGN-1), a metabolite of sulindac without known effects on prostaglandin synthesis, can promote apoptosis and inhibit tumorigenesis in preclinical systems. We performed a Phase I trial of this compound in patients with familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) to examine the tolerability and safety of this drug in the cancer chemoprevention setting. Six patients each were treated with exisulind at doses of 200, 300, and 400 mg p.o. twice a day. Reversible hepatic dysfunction was noted in four of six patients treated at the 400-mg p.o., twice-a-day dose level, but in only one to two of six patients treated at each of the lower dose levels. The serum half-life of exisulind was 6-9 h; little drug accumulation was noted over time. A nonsignificant trend toward increased apoptosis in polyps was noted at the maximum tolerated dose, but no decrease in polyp numbers or significant effects on cellular proliferation was noted. After treatment, polyps tended to display a "halo" appearance grossly and mucinous differentiation histologically. The maximum safe dose of exisulind is 300 mg p.o. twice a day in patients with subtotal colectomies. Reversible hepatic dysfunction limits further dose escalation. A decrease in polyp numbers could not be demonstrated, but the trend toward increased apoptosis at the MTD and the observation of mucinous change histologically suggest that further investigation of drugs of this class might be warranted.
This article was published in Clin Cancer Res and referenced in Journal of Cancer Science & Therapy

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords