Author(s): Sabbatini P, Tsuji T, Ferran L, Ritter E, Sedrak C,
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Abstract PURPOSE: Long peptides are efficiently presented to both CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cells after intracellular processing by antigen-presenting cells. To investigate the safety and in vivo immunogenicity of synthetic overlapping long peptides (OLP) from a human tumor self-antigen, we conducted a phase I clinical trial with OLP from cancer-testis antigen NY-ESO-1 in various adjuvant combinations. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Twenty-eight patients with advanced ovarian cancer in second or third remission were enrolled sequentially in three cohorts and received at least one vaccination. Patients in Cohort 1 (n = 4) received 1.0 mg OLP, Cohort 2 (n = 13) received OLP in Montanide-ISA-51, and Cohort 3 (n = 11) received OLP + 1.4 mg Poly-ICLC in Montanide-ISA-51 on weeks 1, 4, 7, 10, and 13. Humoral and cellular responses were evaluated by standardized immunomonitoring techniques (ELISA, ELISPOT assay, intracellular cytokine staining, and tetramer staining). RESULTS: The vaccine was generally well tolerated with injection site reactions and fatigue that resolved. NY-ESO-1-specific antibody and CD8(+) T cells were undetectable after vaccination with OLP alone, but were found in 6 of 13 (46\%) and 8 of 13 (62\%) patients, respectively, after vaccination with OLP+Montanide, and in 10 of 11 (91\%) and 10 of 11 (91\%) patients, respectively, after vaccination with OLP+Montanide+Poly-ICLC. NY-ESO-1-specific CD4(+) T cells were detected in all patients with greater frequency and polyclonality when Montanide-ISA-51 was used for vaccination. Inclusion of Poly-ICLC as an adjuvant further accelerated the induction of NY-ESO-1-specific immune responses. CONCLUSIONS: The current study shows that NY-ESO-1 OLP vaccine is safe and rapidly induces consistent integrated immune responses (antibody, CD8(+) and CD4(+)) in nearly all vaccinated patients when given with appropriate adjuvants. ©2012 AACR.
This article was published in Clin Cancer Res
and referenced in Journal of Hematology & Thromboembolic Diseases