alexa Phase II study of daily sunitinib in FDG-PET-positive, iodine-refractory differentiated thyroid cancer and metastatic medullary carcinoma of the thyroid with functional imaging correlation.
Diabetes & Endocrinology

Diabetes & Endocrinology

Journal of Thyroid Disorders & Therapy

Author(s): Carr LL, Mankoff DA, Goulart BH, Eaton KD, Capell PT, Kell EM, Bauman JE, Martins RG

Abstract Share this page

PURPOSE: We conducted a phase II study to assess the efficacy of continuous dosing of sunitinib in patients with flurodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET)-avid, iodine-refractory well-differentiated thyroid carcinoma (WDTC) and medullary thyroid cancer (MTC) and to assess for early response per FDG-PET. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Patients had metastatic, iodine-refractory WDTC or MTC with FDG-PET-avid disease. Sunitinib was administered at 37.5 mg daily on a continuous basis. The primary end point was response rate per Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST). Secondary end points included toxicity, overall survival, and time to progression. We conducted an exploratory analysis of FDG-PET response after 7 days of treatment. RESULTS: Thirty-five patients were enrolled (7 MTC, 28 WDTC), and 33 patients were evaluable for disease response. The primary end point, objective response rate per RECIST, was 11 patients (31%; 95% confidence interval, 16-47%). There were 1 complete response (3%), 10 partial responses (28%), and 16 patients (46%) with stable disease. Progressive disease was seen in 6 patients (17%). The median time to progression was 12.8 months (95% confidence interval, 8.9 months-not reached). Repeat FDG-PET was done on 22 patients. The median percent change in average standardized uptake values was -11.7%, -13.9%, and 8.6% for patients with RECIST response, stable disease, and progressive disease, respectively. Differences between response categories were statistically significant (P = 0.03). The most common toxicities seen included fatigue (11%), neutropenia (34%), hand/foot syndrome (17%), diarrhea (17%), and leukopenia (31%). One patient on anticoagulation died of gastrointestinal bleeding. CONCLUSION: Continuous administration of sunitinib was effective in patients with iodine-refractory WDTC and MTC. Further study is warranted.

This article was published in Clin Cancer Res and referenced in Journal of Thyroid Disorders & Therapy

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

  • Ildiko Molnar
    The role of tissue-specific type 2 5’-deiodinase enzyme activities in Graves’ orbitopathy and systemic sclerosis: a new candidate in thyroid autoimmunity
    PDF Version
  • Ildikó Molnár
    Characteristics of allergy in autoimmune thyroid diseases
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Paul J. Davis
    Nanotetrac targets the thyroid hormone receptor on integrin αvβ3 on tumor cells to promote apoptosis, disorder cell defense pathways and block angiogenesis
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • A Martin Gerdes
    Wrong about β-blockers! Wrong about positive inotropes! Wrong about Thyroid Hormone treatment of Heart Failure?
    PDF Version

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords