Author(s): Caraglia M, Addeo R, Costanzo R, Montella L, Faiola V,
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Abstract OBJECTIVE: A combination regimen of temozolomide (TMZ) and pegylated liposomal doxorubicin has been evaluated in the treatment of brain metastases from solid tumours. STUDY DESIGN: Nineteen consecutive patients (pts) have been enrolled in a prospective phase II trial and treated with TMZ 200 mg/m2 (days 1-5) and pegylated liposomal doxorubicin 35 mg/m2 (day 1) every 28 days. The study was prospectively projected according to the Simon's two-stage optimal design. RESULTS: Major toxicities have been grade III neutropenia and thrombocytopenia in one patient (pt) and grade III erythrodisesthesia in two pts. Three pts achieved a complete response (CR) and four a partial response (PR), for an overall response rate of 36.8\% (95\% CI: 19.1-59.2), which exceeded the target activity in the study design. A significant improvement in quality of life was demonstrated by FACT-G analysis. The median Progression Free Survival (PFS) was 5.5 (95\% CI: 2.7-8.2) months while the median Overall Survival (OS) was 10.0 months (95\% CI: 6.3-13.7). CONCLUSIONS: The TMZ/pegylated liposomal doxorubicin regimen was well tolerated with an encouraging activity in brain metastases from solid tumours.
This article was published in Cancer Chemother Pharmacol
and referenced in Chemotherapy: Open Access