Author(s): Sgherri C, Cosi E, NavariIzzo F
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Abstract Raphanus sativus L. cv. Rimbo was grown for 10 days after emergence in hydroponic culture containing 0.12 (control), 5, 10 and 15 micro M copper. The seeds were germinated in the presence of the copper solution. The Cu contents increased with the treatment in both shoots and roots, maintaining in the roots a value eight- to ten-fold higher than in the shoots. With the treatment both shoots and roots underwent growth inhibition and an increase in the percentage of dry weight. Membrane damage and lipid peroxidation increased and glutathione was oxidized as the copper concentration increased, indicating an acceleration of oxidative processes. Control shoots had high contents of reduced glutathione and low contents of phytochelatin-SH whereas roots showed an opposite pattern, suggesting an utilization of reduced glutathione for phytochelatin synthesis. In both parts phytochelatin-SH content reached the maximum at 5 micro M copper and then decreased, reaching at 15 micro M copper the control value in the roots and a value five-fold higher than the control value in the shoots. The main phenolic acids represented in R. sativus were chlorogenic, vanillic, caffeic, siringic, p-coumaric and ferulic acids whereas the least represented were gallic, protocatechuic and p-hydroxybenzoic acids. The phenolic acids as well as the total and reduced ascorbate contents increased with the intensification of copper treatment. Notwithstanding these changes, total ascorbate remained 35\% higher in the shoots than in the roots. The reduced ascorbate was thus able to replenish reducing equivalents to phenoxyl radicals thus explaining the increase in the phenolic compounds.
This article was published in Physiol Plant
and referenced in Advanced Practices in Nursing