Author(s): Fosse T, GiraudMorin C, Madinier I
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Abstract This work aimed to investigate resistance profiles towards beta-lactam antibiotics in correlation with beta-lactamases production in the genus Aeromonas. In a series of 417 wild-type strains, biochemical identification and testing with 11 beta-lactams by the disk-diffusion method revealed 5 predominant phenotypes: A. hydrophila complex/class B, C and D beta-lactamases; A. caviae complex/class C and D beta-lactamases; A. veronii complex/class B and D beta-lactamases; A. schubertii spp./class D beta-lactamase; A. trota spp./class C beta-lactamase. A subgroup of 64 representative strains was submitted to MIC determination with 8 beta-lactam compounds alone and in combination with 3 beta-lactamase inhibitors (clavulanic acid, tazobactam and BRL 42715). Visualisation of beta-lactamases and pI determination were performed in all these 64 isolates by isoelectric focusing from crude extracts. The different Aeromonas species produced 1 to 3 of the following inducible enzymes: an imipenemase with low expression, which is difficult to detect with routine phenotype studies (class B, pI 8, imipenem MIC > 2 micrograms/ml), a cephalosporinase (class C, pI > 7 +/- 0.5, cephalothin MIC > 256 micrograms/ml), and an oxacillinase widely produced in the genus Aeromonas (class D, pI > 8.5, ticarcillin MIC > 256 micrograms/ml). In Aeromonas spp. resistance profile to beta-lactam antibiotics is correlated with naturally occurring phenotypes of beta-lactamases production. As a conclusion, the characterisation of these different enzymes is of therapeutic and taxonomic interest, in species notoriously difficult to identify.
This article was published in Pathol Biol (Paris)
and referenced in Journal of Aquaculture Research & Development