alexa Phenotypic and genotypic characterization of acyclovir-resistant clinical isolates of herpes simplex virus.
Microbiology

Microbiology

Journal of Antivirals & Antiretrovirals

Author(s): Sauerbrei A, Deinhardt S, Zell R, Wutzler P

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Sixteen herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) and four type 2 (HSV-2) isolates resistant to acyclovir (ACV) were characterized retrospectively for drug resistance. Phenotypic testing was performed by means of tetrazolium reduction assay and genotypic analysis was carried out by sequencing of thymidine kinase (TK) and DNA-polymerase (pol) genes. All strains were characterized as cross-resistant to penciclovir, brivudin and susceptible to cidofovir. In addition, three strains were resistant to foscarnet. Genotypic analysis revealed two to seven non-synonymous mutations in the TK gene of HSV-1 and one to seven non-synonymous mutations in the DNA pol gene of HSV-1 and 2 associated with the gene polymorphism. Seventeen strains contained at least one non-synonymous resistant-related mutation in the TK gene and three strains, which were additionally foscarnet-resistant, revealed one resistance-associated mutation in the DNA pol gene. In most strains, resistant-related mutations in TK gene represented frameshift mutations and single non-synonymous nucleotide substitutions of conserved gene regions. However, numerous amino acid changes could not be interpreted clearly as accounting for resistance. In conclusion, further studies, e.g. site-directed mutagenesis experiments are required to characterize mutations of the TK and DNA pol genes in ACV-resistant viral strains as part of viral gene polymorphism or as cause of drug resistance. Copyright 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. This article was published in Antiviral Res and referenced in Journal of Antivirals & Antiretrovirals

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords