Author(s): Tittabutr P, Cho IK, Li QX
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Abstract Burkholderia sp. C3 can transform polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), a class of ubiquitous pollutants, through multiple pathways, indicating existence of multiple dioxygenases (Seo et al., in Biodegradation 18:123-131, 2006a). Both phn and nag-like genes in C3 were cloned and identified with the DNA sequence alignment and the gene organization in the clusters. When cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli, either the alpha- and beta-subunits of dioxygenase of the phn genes or the ferredoxin-, alpha- and beta-subunits of the nag-like genes transformed naphthalene, phenanthrene and dibenzothiophene but at different rates. The E. coli transformant containing the phn genes transformed phenanthrene faster than that containing the nag-like genes, which was consistent with higher transcription of the phnAc gene than the nagAc-like gene in C3 in response to phenanthrene. 1-Hydroxy-2-naphthanoic acid (1H2NA) and 2-hydroxy-1-naphthanoic acid (2H1NA) (3,4- and 1,2-dioxygenation metabolites of phenanthrene, respectively) were detected in the culture medium of the phn genes transformed E. coli. The concentration of 1H2NA was 262-fold higher than 2H1NA in the medium of the phn genes transformed E. coli. The results suggested that the phn genes play a major role in 1,2-/3,4-dioxygenation and 3,4-dioxygenation dominates. Twenty-eight PAH degradation-associated enzymes including those encoded by the nag-like and phn genes in phenanthrene-grown C3 cells were identified via alignment of amino acid sequences of the detected polypeptides with those in protein databases. The polypeptides were determined with nano liquid chromatography-ion trap mass spectrometry after tryptic in-gel digestion of the enzymes on 1D SDS-PAGE.
This article was published in Biodegradation
and referenced in Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy