alexa Phorbol ester- and retinoic acid-induced regulation of the protein kinase C substrate MARCKS in immortalized hippocampal cells.
Diabetes & Endocrinology

Diabetes & Endocrinology

Journal of Steroids & Hormonal Science

Author(s): Watson DG, Wainer BH, Lenox RH

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Abstract The expression of MARCKS, a major protein kinase C (PKC) substrate, was examined in the immortalized hippocampal cell line HN33, following differentiation using phorbol esters or retinoic acid. In cells exposed to phorbol esters, MARCKS protein levels were reduced through an apparent PKC-dependent mechanism. Exposure to 1 microM phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) for 10 min resulted in a rapid loss of PKC activity in the soluble fraction with a concurrent increase in membrane-associated PKC activity. PKC activity was reduced to < 20\% of control values in both soluble and membrane fractions following 1 h of PMA exposure. Significant reductions in MARCKS protein levels were initially observed in membrane and soluble fractions following PMA exposure for 4 and 8 h, respectively. The reduction in MARCKS protein levels was maximal following 24 h of PMA exposure. MARCKS protein expression was also down-regulated in a dose-dependent manner on exposure of HN33 cells to retinoic acid. In cells exposed to 10 microM retinoic acid, the MARCKS protein level was reduced in the membrane fraction within 4 h. Reduction of MARCKS protein levels was maximal (> 90\%) by 12 h with no evidence for any alteration in PKC activity. Reduced levels of MARCKS protein were also observed in the soluble fraction of retinoic acid-exposed cells, but to a significantly lesser extent. Addition of the PKC inhibitor GF109203X blocked the down-regulation of MARCKS protein in PMA-treated cultures but not in retinoic acid-treated cells.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
This article was published in J Neurochem and referenced in Journal of Steroids & Hormonal Science

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