alexa Phosphoantigen-reactive Vgamma9Vdelta2 T lymphocytes suppress in vitro human immunodeficiency virus type 1 replication by cell-released antiviral factors including CC chemokines.
Microbiology

Microbiology

Journal of Antivirals & Antiretrovirals

Author(s): Poccia F, Battistini L, Cipriani B, Mancino G, Martini F,

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Abstract Vgamma9Vdelta2 T lymphocytes are broadly reactive against various intracellular pathogens and display both lytic and proliferative responses to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected cells. HIV infection of peripheral blood mononuclear cell cultures led to absolute increases in Vgamma9Vdelta2 T cells accompanied by decreased p24 levels. Strong gammadelta T cell activation with nonpeptidic mycobacterial phosphoantigens (TUBAg1 extract or synthetic isopentenyl pyrophosphate) resulted in potent inhibition of HIV replication through soluble released factors. Subsequent analyses showed that phosphoantigen-activated gammadelta T cells produced substantial amounts of beta-chemokines (macrophage inflammatory protein [MIP]-1alpha, MIP-1beta, and regulated-on-activation, normal T-cell-expressed and -secreted beta-chemokine [RANTES]), which represent the natural ligand for the CCR5 HIV coreceptor. Accordingly, anti-beta-chemokine antibodies neutralized the inhibition of monocytotropic HIV strains by gammadelta T cell-released factors. Moreover, a T-tropic HIV strain using the CXCR4 coreceptor for virus entry was potently inhibited. Together, these data reveal that phosphoantigen-activated gammadelta T cells are an important source of CC chemokines and may suppress HIV replication through cell-released antiviral factors. This article was published in J Infect Dis and referenced in Journal of Antivirals & Antiretrovirals

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