Author(s): Mogami H, Lloyd Mills C, Gallacher DV
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Abstract It is recognized in many cellular systems that the receptor/G-protein activation of phospholipase C and Ins(1,4,5)P3 production is the transduction pathway regulating the release of Ca2+ from internal stores. Ca2+ signals can now be monitored at the level of single cells but the biochemical detection of Ins(1,4,5)P3 cannot match this resolution. It is often difficult or impossible to directly attribute responses evoked in single cells by putative phospholipase C-coupled agonists to changes in Ins(1,4,5)P3 levels. U73122 is an aminosteroid that is reported to act as a specific inhibitor of phospholipase C and it has become an important tool in establishing the link between phospholipase C activation and cellular Ca2+ signalling. In the present study we use both patch-clamp electrophysiology and the imaging of fluorescent Ca2+ indicators to investigate the effect of U73122 in mouse pancreatic acinar cells. The study reveals that U73122 has effects other than the inhibition of phospholipase C. U73122 can directly activate ion channels. It can itself promote the release of Ca2+ from intracellular stores in permeabilized cells and in intact cells it triggers a release of Ca2+ that is initiated specifically at the secretory pole of these morphologically and functionally polarized cells. We also present evidence that U73122 can potentiate the response to Ins(1,4,5)P3; this is seen both in permeabilized cells and in patch-clamp protocols in which cells are internally dialysed with submaximal concentrations of Ins(1,4,5)P3. The effects of U73122 are therefore multiple and not specific for the inhibition of phospholipase C. Importantly, all the effects described influence Ca2+ signalling yet in many experimental protocols some of these effects can go unnoticed and might in error be attributed simply to the inhibition of Ins(1,4,5)P3 production.
This article was published in Biochem J
and referenced in Journal of Steroids & Hormonal Science