alexa Phosphorothioate oligonucleotides block the VDAC channel
Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutical Regulatory Affairs: Open Access

Author(s): Marco Colombini, Paul Miller, CA Stein

Abstract Share this page

Proapoptotic phosphorothioate oligonucleotides such as G3139 (an 18-mer) induce Bcl-2-independent apoptosis, perhaps partly via direct interaction with VDAC and reduction of metabolite flow across the mitochondrial outer membrane. Here, we analyzed the interactions at the molecular level. Ten micromolar G3139 induces rapid flickering of the VDAC conductance and, occasionally, a complete conductance drop. These phenomena occur only when VDAC is in the "open" conformation and therefore are consistent with pore blockage rather than VDAC closure. Blockage occurs preferentially from one side of the VDAC channel. It depends linearly on the [G3139] and is voltage-dependent with an effective valence of -3. The kinetics indicate at least a partial entry of G3139 into VDAC, forming an unstable bound state, which is responsible for the rapid flickering (approximately 0.1 ms). Subsequently, a long-lived blocked state is formed. An 8-mer phosphorothioate, polydeoxythymidine, induces partial blockage of VDAC and a change in selectivity from favoring anions to favoring cations. Thus, the oligonucleotide is close to the ion stream. The phosphodiester congener of G3139 is ineffective at the concentrations used, excluding a general polyanion effect. This shows the importance of sulfur atoms. The results are consistent with a binding-induced blockage rather than a permeation block.

This article was published in Biophys J and referenced in Pharmaceutical Regulatory Affairs: Open Access

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords