alexa Phosphorylation and activation of heart PFK-2 by AMPK has a role in the stimulation of glycolysis during ischaemia.


Medicinal chemistry

Author(s): Marsin AS, Bertrand L, Rider MH, Deprez J, Beauloye C,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract BACKGROUND: The role of protein phosphorylation in the Pasteur effect--the phenomenon whereby anaerobic conditions stimulate glycolysis--has not been addressed. The AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) is activated when the oxygen supply is restricted. AMPK acts as an energy-state sensor and inhibits key biosynthetic pathways, thus conserving ATP. Here, we studied whether AMPK is involved in the Pasteur effect in the heart by phosphorylating and activating 6-phosphofructo-2-kinase (PFK-2), the enzyme responsible for the synthesis of fructose 2,6-bisphosphate, a potent stimulator of glycolysis. RESULTS: Heart PFK-2 was phosphorylated on Ser466 and activated by AMPK in vitro. In perfused rat hearts, anaerobic conditions or inhibitors of oxidative phosphorylation (oligomycin and antimycin) induced AMPK activation, which correlated with PFK-2 activation and with an increase in fructose 2,6-bisphosphate concentration. Moreover, in cultured cells transfected with heart PFK-2, oligomycin treatment resulted in a parallel activation of endogenous AMPK and PFK-2. In these cells, the activation of PFK-2 was due to the phosphorylation of Ser466. A dominant-negative construct of AMPK abolished the activation of endogenous and cotransfected AMPK, and prevented both the activation and phosphorylation of transfected PFK-2 by oligomycin. CONCLUSIONS: AMPK phosphorylates and activates heart PFK-2 in vitro and in intact cells. AMPK-mediated PFK-2 activation is likely to be involved in the stimulation of heart glycolysis during ischaemia.
This article was published in Curr Biol and referenced in Medicinal chemistry

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version