Author(s): Gardai SJ, Hildeman DA, Frankel SK, Whitlock BB, Frasch SC,
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Abstract Although important for apoptosis, the mechanism of Bax regulation is poorly understood. This study demonstrates that phosphorylation of Ser(184) regulates Bax activity. The phosphorylation required phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/Akt activation and appeared to be mediated by Akt itself. In the serine-phosphorylated form, Bax was detected in the cytoplasm, could not be immunoprecipitated with the activation-specific antibody 6A7, and promoted heterodimerization with Mcl-1, Bcl-x(L), and A1. Apoptotic neutrophils possessed reduced levels of serine-phosphorylated Bax correlating with an increase in activated Bax as well as an increase in the amount of Bax found translocated to the mitochondria. We suggest that Bax is regulated by phosphorylation of Ser(184) in an Akt-dependent manner and that phosphorylation inhibits Bax effects on the mitochondria by maintaining the protein in the cytoplasm, heterodimerized with antiapoptotic Bcl-2 family members.
This article was published in J Biol Chem
and referenced in Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy