alexa Photoaffinity labeling demonstrates physical contact between vasoactive intestinal peptide and the N-terminal ectodomain of the human VPAC1 receptor.


Journal of Clinical & Experimental Neuroimmunology

Author(s): Tan YV, Couvineau A, Van Rampelbergh J, Laburthe M

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Vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) is a prominent neuropeptide whose actions are mediated by VPAC receptors belonging to class II G protein-coupled receptors. To identify contact sites between VIP and its VPAC1 receptor, an analog of VIP substituted with a photoreactive para-benzoyl-l-Phe (Bpa) at position 22 has been synthesized and evaluated in Chinese hamster ovary cells stably expressing the recombinant human receptor. Bpa22-VIP and native VIP are equipotent in stimulating adenylyl cyclase activity in cell membranes. Cyanogen bromide cleavage of the covalent 125I-[Bpa22-VIP]-hVPAC1R complex yielded a single labeled fragment of 30 kDa that shifted to 11 after deglycosylation, most consistent with the 67-137 fragment of the receptor N-terminal ectodomain. Further cleavage of this fragment with V8 endoproteinase and creation of receptor mutants with new CNBr cleavage sites (XàMet), demonstrated that 125I-[Bpa22-VIP] was covalently attached to the short receptor 109-120 fragment (GWTHLEPGPYPI). In a three-dimensional model of the receptor N-terminal ectodomain, this fragment is located on one edge of the putative VIP binding groove and encompasses several amino acids previously shown to be crucial for VIP binding (reviewed in Laburthe, M., Couvineau, A., and Marie, J. C. (2002) Receptors Channels 8, 137-153). Our data provide the first direct evidence for a physical contact between VIP and the N-terminal ectodomain of the hVPAC1 receptor.

This article was published in J Biol Chem and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Neuroimmunology

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