Author(s): Pitarresi G, Casadei MA, Mandracchia D, Paolicelli P, Palumbo FS,
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Abstract The aim of this study was to prepare and characterize novel hydrogels with polysaccharide-polyaminoacid structure, able to undergo an enzymatic hydrolysis in the colon and potentially useful for treating inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD). Starting materials were methacrylated dextran (DEX-MA) and methacrylated alpha,beta-poly(N-2-hydroxyethyl)-dl-aspartamide (PHM). These polymers were photocrosslinked by exposure of their aqueous solutions at 313 nm without photoinitiators. Different samples, shaped as microparticles, were obtained as a function of polymer concentration and irradiation time. FT-IR analysis confirmed the occurrence of a co-crosslinking between DEX-MA and PHM in all experimental conditions. Size analysis evidenced a narrow particle distribution and swelling studies, performed in twice-distilled water and simulated gastrointestinal fluids, showed a good affinity of these hydrogels towards the aqueous medium. DEX-MA/PHM based hydrogels undergo a negligible chemical hydrolysis, whereas they are partially degraded by dextranase. In vitro biological assays showed cell compatibility of these samples. Beclomethasone dipropionate (BDP), a drug recently proposed for the treatment of IBD was entrapped into a DEX-MA/PHM based hydrogel and its release was evaluated in the absence or in the presence of dextranase. Obtained release profiles suggest the potential use of BDP loaded DEX-MA/PHM based hydrogels for the treatment of IBD.
This article was published in J Control Release
and referenced in Journal of Proteomics & Bioinformatics