Author(s): SchmidtErfurth U, Michels S, Barbazetto I, Laqua H
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Abstract PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of photodynamic therapy (PDT) on perfusion and vascular integrity of choroidal neovascularization (CNV) and collateral physiological choroid. METHODS: In a prospective clinical trial, patients with subfoveal CNV were treated with PDT and verteporfin. Indocyanine green angiography (ICG-A), using a confocal laser scanning system with tomographic sections, was performed continuously 1 week before and 1, 4, and 12 weeks after and a mean long-term follow-up of 16.5 months after the final PDT. Vascular changes were localized tomographically and quantified on the level of the CNV and collateral choroid according to early lesion size, late hyperfluorescence, and persistence or recurrence. Data were analyzed separately from 38 eyes in a single- and 12 eyes in a multiple-treatment regimen. RESULTS: CNV lesions were significantly reduced in size and late hyperfluorescence. However, 54\% of lesions primarily demonstrated persistence, typically of the choroidal feeding complex, which was only detectable by ICG-A. Regrowth from the feeding vessel occurred regularly, but did not reach baseline dimensions. Collateral choroid exposed to photoactivation exhibited choriocapillary occlusion. Progressive recanalization was documented within 4 to 12 weeks after both single and multiple PDT. Residual changes in the choroidal filling pattern often persisted during long-term follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: Tomographic ICG-A after PDT reveals persistence of CNV and/or the feeder vessel and a reduction in perfusion within the entire photosensitized area, including the surrounding choroid. Repair mechanisms occur slowly in neovascular and normal choroidal structures.
This article was published in Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci
and referenced in Journal of Analytical & Bioanalytical Techniques