alexa Photodynamic therapy (PDT) in esophageal cancer: a surgical view of its indications based on 14 years experience.
Chemical Engineering

Chemical Engineering

Journal of Analytical & Bioanalytical Techniques

Author(s): Moghissi K, Dixon K

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Abstract The aim of this paper is to present the updated experience of the Yorkshire Laser Centre in PDT for esophageal cancer and to identify its role in specific subsets of patients. Also, in the light of this experience, to compare and contrast the results of PDT with appropriate subsets of patients treated in my esophageal surgery practice. 102 consecutive patients; 84 with advanced (Group A) and 18 with early (Group E) stage esophageal cancer undergoing endoscopic PDT were entered into a prospective study. Every patient had standard work up including clinical staging. PDT protocol was intravenous administration of Photofrin 2mg/kg body weight followed 24-72 hours later by endoscopic illumination using 630 nm laser light. Assessment of results was made on the basis of mortality, morbidity, patient satisfaction to treatment, symptom relief and survival. For comparison of PDT role with non PDT treated patients, reference is made to 3 previous publications comprising over 1100 patients [Moghissi, K., Br. J. Surg. 79, 935-937 (1992) (ref. 1); Sawant, D., Moghissi, K. Eur. J. Cardio-Thorac. Surg. 8, 113-117 (1994) (ref. 2); Sharpe, D. A. C., Moghissi, K. Eur. J. Cardiothorac. Surg. 10, 359-364 (1996) (ref. 3)]. There was no mortality associated with PDT. All patients expressed satisfaction to treatment. Post PDT complications consisted of photosensitivity skin reaction (sunburn) in 5 patients (5\%) and esophageal stricture in 8 (8\%) patients. Group A: There was significant symptom and dysphagia grade improvement. Mean survival was 9.5 months. Group E: There were no significant symptoms pre or post PDT and mean survival was 60.5 months. Comparison of PDT results in Group A with results of other palliative treatment methods, indicates that palliation can be achieved in all intraluminal cancer using PDT which is at least as good as other treatments. There is, in addition, advantage over other methods in patients with cervical esophageal cancer and in cases with re-growth of tumor obstructing previously placed stents. In early cases PDT appears capable of replicating surgical results in selected cases. PDT is an effective and safe treatment method in esophageal cancer. In advance disease it improves swallowing. In early stage disease it offers long survival and the prospect of cure in some patients. At present the role of PDT in early stage cancer should be limited to patients who are unsuitable for surgical resection. Therefore, PDT should be considered as a valid oncological option to be applied in selected cases.
This article was published in Technol Cancer Res Treat and referenced in Journal of Analytical & Bioanalytical Techniques

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