alexa Photolysis of sulfiram: a mechanism for its disulfiram-like reaction.
Microbiology

Microbiology

Journal of Microbial & Biochemical Technology

Author(s): Mays DC, Nelson AN, Benson LM, Johnson KL, Naylor S,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Sulfiram, a drug applied topically to treat scabies, produces effects similar to those of disulfiram after subsequent ingestion of ethanol. Disulfiram, used in aversion therapy in the treatment of alcoholism, inhibits hepatic aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) causing an accumulation of acetaldehyde after ethanol ingestion. The increased tissue levels of acetaldehyde cause a spectrum of undesirable side-effects including flushing, nausea, vomiting, and tachycardia, which are referred to as the disulfiram reaction. Previous studies have shown that in vitro sulfiram is a very weak inhibitor of ALDH, but solutions of sulfiram markedly increase in potency with time. In the present study, fresh solutions of sulfiram were exposed to fluorescent room light under ambient conditions and analyzed at timed intervals by HPLC. At least eight products, including disulfiram, were formed in the light-exposed sulfiram solutions, but not in solutions kept in the dark. Structural characterization of two of the photolysis products was obtained by on-line microbore HPLC-mass spectrometry (mu LC-MS) and on-line microbore HPLC-tandem mass spectrometry (mu LC-MS/MS) using continuous flow-liquid secondary ion mass spectrometry (CF-LSIMS) as the primary ionization method. Sulfiram was converted to disulfiram at an initial rate of 0.7\%/hr, and the formation of disulfiram correlated with the increase in ALDH inhibition in vitro. The results of this investigation show that while sulfiram is a weak inhibitor of ALDH in vitro, it is readily photoconverted to disulfiram, a very potent inhibitor of ALDH, which may explain the adverse reaction to ethanol after sulfiram therapy.
This article was published in Biochem Pharmacol and referenced in Journal of Microbial & Biochemical Technology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri & Aquaculture Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Clinical Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Food & Nutrition Journals

Katie Wilson

[email protected]csonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics & Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Materials Science Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Nursing & Health Care Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

Ann Jose

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

 
© 2008- 2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords