alexa Photoperiodic control of body weight and energy metabolism in Syrian hamsters (Mesocricetus auratus): role of pineal gland, melatonin, gonads, and diet.
Physicaltherapy & Rehabilitation

Physicaltherapy & Rehabilitation

Journal of Physiotherapy & Physical Rehabilitation

Author(s): Bartness TJ, Wade GN

Abstract Share this page

Abstract The effects of photoperiod and the pineal hormone melatonin on the regulation of body weight and energy metabolism were examined in Syrian hamsters, Mesocricetus auratus. Short photoperiod-housed female and male hamsters showed increases in body weight gain, feed efficiency, carcass lipid, brown adipose tissue mass, and thermogenic capacity. These effects of short photoperiods were mimicked by afternoon melatonin injections to hamsters in long-day photoperiods and were exaggerated in hamsters fed high fat diets. To determine the role of the gonads in these effects, ovariectomized hamsters were treated similarly and found to exhibit changes in body weight and energy metabolism that were 80-90\% of those in gonadally intact hamsters. The role of the pineal gland in short photoperiod-induced body weight gain was examined in sham-pinealectomized and pinealectomized hamsters. Short photoperiod-induced increases in body weight were seen in both pinealectomized and sham-pinealectomized hamsters. Thus, pinealectomy blocks the effects of short photoperiods on reproductive function and thyroid activity, but not on body weight regulation. These results suggest that the effects of short photoperiods on body weight and energy metabolism are mediated by multiple, redundant mechanisms involving decreases in gonadal hormone secretion, changes in melatonin secretion, and gonad- and pineal-independent changes. All of the effects of short photoperiods are exaggerated in hamsters fed a high fat diet. These changes may represent adaptive preparatory responses that enhance winter survival in Syrian hamsters. This article was published in Endocrinology and referenced in Journal of Physiotherapy & Physical Rehabilitation

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri & Aquaculture Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Clinical Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Food & Nutrition Journals

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics & Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Materials Science Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Nursing & Health Care Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

Ann Jose

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

 
© 2008- 2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords