alexa Photoperiodic regulation of prolactin release in male hamsters with hypothalamic knife cuts.
Diabetes & Endocrinology

Diabetes & Endocrinology

Endocrinology & Metabolic Syndrome

Author(s): Babura LL, Sisk CL, Nunez AA

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Abstract Horizontal knife cuts placed dorsal to the paraventricular nucleus (PVN) of the hypothalamus prevent testicular regression in hamsters kept in short days. We examined the effects of these cuts on the photoperiodic modulation of the postcastration rise in gonadotropins, as well as on the release of prolactin in castrated and gonadally intact animals. The cuts blocked the inhibitory effects of short daylengths on the postcastration rise in circulating levels of gonadotropins. However, the cuts did not prevent the reduction in prolactin levels induced by short daylengths in castrated and gonadally intact animals. We conclude that dorsal connections of the PVN are not required for transduction of photoperiodic information used to regulate prolactin release. The knife cuts may remove tonic inhibitory influences on the release of follicle-stimulating hormone and luteinizing hormone, and thus produce elevated gonadotropin levels that mask the effects of nonstimulatory photoperiods on testicular size.
This article was published in Brain Res Bull and referenced in Endocrinology & Metabolic Syndrome

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