Author(s): Arce R, Morel M, Arce R, Morel M, Arce R, Morel M, Arce R, Morel M
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Abstract The 1,6 and 1,8-dinitropyrenes (DNP) isomers are strong mutagens and carcinogens encountered in diesel exhaust and airborne particles. Relative photodegradation rates were determined and some products were characterized when these isomers were irradiated adsorbed onto models of the atmospheric matter. These are compared to their photochemical behavior in a polar nonprotic solvent. The 1,8-DNP isomer is three times more reactive than the 1,6-DNP when irradiated adsorbed onto silica gel surfaces, while the reverse order is observed in solution, demonstrating the influence of structural differences and environmental effects on the photoreactivity. Oxygen is a key factor in the formation of pyrenediones from 1,8-DNP in solution and on silica gel which is not the case for 1,6-DNP. The average pore diameter (2.5 versus 6.0 nm) of the silica surfaces induces a significant change in the product distribution and relative yields of 1,8-DNP because pyrenediones or 8-hydroxy-1-nitropyrene are not produced in the smaller pore silica. A 6-hydroxy-1-nitropyrene product is observed both in acidic alumina and silica (6.0 nm) surfaces. On acidic alumina the rates of phototransformation of the isomers are equal, a significant increase in the relative yield of the hydroxynitropyrene product is observed compared to the silica and unidentified products in which the absence of NO2 and pyrene absorption bands were observed, demonstrating the surface effect on the photodegradation. Overall, the presence of some products indicates the occurrence of a nitro-nitrite rearrangement on the surface with the participation of a pyrenoxy radical as their precursor.
This article was published in Atmos Environ (1994)
and referenced in Oil & Gas Research