alexa Phylogenetic conservation of cytostatic factor related genes in the ascidian Ciona intestinalis.
Agri and Aquaculture

Agri and Aquaculture

Journal of Marine Science: Research & Development

Author(s): Russo GL

Abstract Share this page

In all vertebrates, mature oocytes arrest at the metaphase of the II meiotic division, while some invertebrates arrest at metaphase-I, others at prophase-I. Fertilization induces completion of meiosis and entry into the first mitotic division. Several experimental models have been considered from both vertebrates and invertebrates in order to shed light on the peculiar aspects of meiotic division, such as the regulation of the cytostatic factor (CSF) and the maturation promoting factor (MPF) in metaphase I or II. Recently, we proposed the oocytes of ascidian Ciona intestinalis as a new model to study the meiotic division. Here, taking advantage of the recent publication of the C. intestinalis genome, we presented a phylogenetic analysis of key molecular components of the CSF-related machinery. We showed that the Mos/MAP kinase pathway is perfectly conserved in ascidians. We demonstrated the presence of a CSF-like activity in metaphase-I arrested C. intestinalis oocytes able to block cell division in two-cell embryos. We further investigated the regulation of CSF by demonstrating that both CSF and MPF inactivation, at the exit of metaphase-I, are independent from protein synthesis, indicating the absence of short-lived factors that regulate metaphase stability, as in other invertebrate species. The results obtained suggest that meiotic regulation in C. intestinalis resembles that of vertebrates, such as Xenopus accordingly to the position of this organism in the evolutionary tree.

  • To read the full article Visit
  • Open Access
This article was published in Gene and referenced in Journal of Marine Science: Research & Development

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords