alexa Phylogenetic differentiation of two closely related Nitrosomonas spp. That inhabit different sediment environments in an oligotrophic freshwater lake.
Environmental Sciences

Environmental Sciences

Journal of Bioremediation & Biodegradation

Author(s): Whitby CB, Saunders JR, Rodriguez J, Pickup RW, McCarthy A

Abstract Share this page

Abstract The population of ammonia-oxidizing bacteria in a temperate oligotrophic freshwater lake was analyzed by recovering 16S ribosomal DNA (rDNA) from lakewater and sediment samples taken throughout a seasonal cycle. Nitrosospira and Nitrosomonas 16S rRNA genes were amplified in a nested PCR, and the identity of the products was confirmed by oligonucleotide hybridization. Nitrosospira DNA was readily identified in all samples, and nitrosomonad DNA of the Nitrosomonas europaea-Nitrosomonas eutropha lineage was also directly detected, but during the summer months only. Phylogenetic delineation with partial (345 bp) 16S rRNA gene sequences of clones obtained from sediments confirmed the fidelity of the amplified nitrosomonad DNA and identified two sequence clusters closely related to either N. europaea or N. eutropha that were equated with the littoral and profundal sediment sites, respectively. Determination of 701-bp sequences for 16S rDNA clones representing each cluster confirmed this delineation. A PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) system was developed that enabled identification of clones containing N. europaea and N. eutropha 16S rDNA sequences, including subclasses therein. It proved possible to analyze 16S rDNA amplified directly from sediment samples to determine the relative abundance of each species compared with that of the other. N. europaea and N. eutropha are very closely related, and direct evidence for their presence in lake systems is limited. The correlation of each species with a distinct spatial location in sediment is an unusual example of niche adaptation by two genotypically similar bacteria. Their occurrence and relative distribution can now be routinely monitored in relation to environmental variation by the application of PCR-RFLP analysis.
This article was published in Appl Environ Microbiol and referenced in Journal of Bioremediation & Biodegradation

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

  • 6th World Congress on Biofuels and Bioenergy
    Sep 5-6, 2017 London, UK
  • 6th World Congress on Biopolymers
    September 7-9, 2017 Paris, France
  • 7th International Conference and Exhibition on Biopolymers and Bioplastics
    October 19-21, 2017 San Francisco, USA
Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version