Author(s): Srnblad S, Ekelund U, Aman J
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Abstract AIMS: Girls with Type 1 diabetes often gain excessive weight during puberty. The aims of this study were to compare objectively assessed physical activity and energy intake in girls with Type 1 diabetes with those in healthy age-matched controls. METHODS: This prospective cohort study comprised 26 girls with Type 1 diabetes and 49 control girls. The mean age of the diabetic girls was 15.7 +/- 2.1 years and that of the control girls 15.8 +/- 2.1 years. In the diabetic group, mean haemoglobin A1c was 7.6 +/- 1.4\% and daily insulin dosage was 1.1 +/- 0.3 U/kg. Physical activity was measured during 7 consecutive days with a uniaxial accelerometer, and energy intake was assessed concurrently with a 7-day food diary. RESULTS: There was a tendency towards lower total amount of physical activity in the diabetes group but the difference between the study groups did not reach statistical significance (Diabetes: 464 +/- 123 counts/min/day; CONTROLS: 523 +/- 138 counts/min/day; P = 0.06). No difference was found between the groups regarding total energy intake (Diabetes: 8.5 +/- 1.8 MJ/day; CONTROLS: 8.4 +/- 2.6 MJ/day). The carbohydrate intake was lower and the protein and fibre intakes were higher in girls with diabetes. No association was observed between physical activity, energy intake and HbA1c. CONCLUSIONS: In this prospective cohort study, we found a tendency towards lower physical activity but no differences in energy intake between girls with Type 1 diabetes and age-matched controls. Larger studies are needed to further explore the importance of the total amount of physical activity for excessive weight gain in adolescent girls with Type 1 diabetes.
This article was published in Diabet Med
and referenced in Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism